Argentinian Christmas Recipes and Food Traditions

Homemade Panettone

Christmas in Argentina tends to creep up on you if you are used to celebrating in colder, more commercial climes. Yes, there’s some gentle background music in the supermarkets. Yes, there are some ads on TV. But it’s far, far less in-your-face than in Europe and North America. And this being a refreshingly laid back culture, the manic build-up certainly doesn’t start in October.

South American Christmas in the Summer

A traditional Latin American Christmas is celebrated on the 24th – known as Noche Buena – not the 25th. The big meal happens after the sun starts to go down, which is another sensible move seeing as 30-degree heat and Christmas gluttony aren’t ideal partners. Just like on New Year’s Eve, fireworks go off left, right and centre around midnight, and the celebrations continue until the early hours of the morning. Seeing as things start later, it’s straight into party mode, meaning there’s a lot less time (ie none) for TV specials and charades.

However, there’s plenty of time for eating.

Argentina Christmas Food

The first rule of Christmas food in Argentina is: forget the roast turkey and learn to embrace Vitel Thoné (check out this recipe from Katie Metz de Martínez via Hispanic Kitchen). It may sound like a new French mineral water, but Vitel Thoné is actually one of Argentina’s most beloved Christmas dishes, originally hailing from Italy, like many Argentines. It’s made of peceto (veal), topped with a sauce of tuna, mayonnaise and anchovies. No, it’s not to everyone’s taste, but neither are Brussels sprouts, so grit your teeth if you have to and dig in. Note that peceto is not especially prevalent during the rest of the year, but come December supermarket supplies are stocked high. If you feel inspired to give it a go, here’s a video recipe (This one from Brazil actually skips the tuna, but it wins out over other internet offerings for having the jauntiest music.)

Vitel Thoné, of course, is not a main course in itself. It tends to be accompanied by a cold buffet, featuring various salads, the ubiquitous sandwiches de miga and empanadas. Of course it wouldn’t be a proper Argentinian feast without an asado (barbeque), so expect the parrilla to be fully fired up, despite sweltering humidity hanging in the air.

Ananá bottle

Ananá Fizz – The Traditional Argentinian Christmas Drink

As for drinks, this being Argentina, the vino does flow (the majority of Argentina’s wine production is consumed domestically). There’s also the traditional ananá fizz, which is made from cider and pineapple juice, and it is sold pre-made at bargain-basement prices. Drinking this in the sun must give the mamá of all hangovers. You start to feel the symptoms just looking at the bottle. Take the edge off the pain by making your own using better quality booze. Just pulp some pineapple and add lemon juice, a toqué of sugar and your choice of sparkling wine.

Something Sweet

Pan dulce, or panettone, is another European import that is a staple among Argentina’s Christmas food. Supermarkets carry an enormous variety of these sweet dome-shaped breads filled with dried fruits. If you don’t know what to pick, again, you can try making your own with this delicious recipe from Rebecca at From Argentina With Love.

Homemade Panettone
Homemade Panettone, Photo courtesy of Nicola since 1972

By this time, you should be full to bursting. But that doesn’t mean you have to stop. This is Christmas. What you need is something to graze greedily on for the rest of the evening, like cattle in the pampas. Seeing as chocolate isn’t ideal for the heat and often ends up a molten mess, the popular choice tends to be turrón (nougat). Mantecol, made with peanuts and sold in block form, is the brand that goes hand-in-hand with an Argentine Christmas. (Here’s a recipe for an almond-based version. Tahini can be bought in Barrio Chino or Jumbo).

And what if Santa himself was Argentine? According to this Mantecol advert, he’d drive a colectivo, play truco with the reindeers and, of course, he’d come down your parrilla chimney.

If you have any other Latin America Christmas traditions or foods to share, please let us know in the comments below.

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Vicky Baker
For five years, journalist Vicky Baker was Buenos Aires's stalker. She randomly turned up on its doorstep whenever she could, kept track of all its movements and felt seethingly jealous if anyone else made a move. Finally in 2008, she took the plunge and made the city her base. From here, she writes for the Guardian, Time Out, Reuters, Sunday Times Travel Magazine and others. In here spare time she also writes a travel blog – – and gets over her inadequacies as a non-steak-eating, non tango-dancing wannabe porteña by drinking lots of Malbec.

4 responses to “Argentinian Christmas Recipes and Food Traditions

  1. Gaby says:

    pretty spot on again miss backer! 
    there is plenty “ensalada rusa”… and “piononos salados”… flowing in xmas tables around the gardens and pools.. i remember being young and dream of the “white christmas” and now that i live the white christmas year after year (last one literally snowing on christmas day) i dream of the argie food instead of the british one for christmas!

  2. Thanks for the comments, Gaby — Feliz Navidad!

  3. VickyB says:

    Thanks Gaby! There's nothing quite like Christmas  in your own country, I reckon. Have some mince pies for me, please.

  4. VickyB says:

    *Tahini update* Just had an email from someone who says it can also be bought in Coto, Disco, Carrefour or a dietetica. I always get it from the same place, but it seems it's actually easier to come by than I implied here. *End of Tahini update*

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